Drug Policy Library

Effect of drug law enforcement on drug market violence: A systematic review

June 15, 2011 Drug Policy Library

Violence is amongst the primary concerns of communities around the world and research has demonstrated links between violence and the illicit drug trade, particularly in urban settings. Given the growing emphasis on evidence-based policy-making, and the ongoing severe drug market violence in Mexico and other settings, we conducted a systematic review to examine the impacts […]

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Innocent Bystanders: Developing Countries and the War on Drugs

February 16, 2011 Drug Policy Library

Drug use/abuse is one of the most difficult challenges facing the contemporary world. If it is true that there has always been consumption of different types of drugs in different societies—although not in all of them—it is no less true that it generally took place in restricted, socially regulated realms, especially in ritualistic ceremonies. This […]

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From the Mountaintops: What The World Can Learn from Drug Policy Change in Switzerland

February 11, 2011 Drug Policy Library

Switzerland, a country renowned for its solid conservatism, was shaken by seeing its cities become the point of convergence of thousands of drug users and counterculture activists, culminating in large open drug scenes in the late 1980s. The country was hit hard by HIV, which was strongly linked—both in the public mind and in reality—to […]

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Emerging Clinical Applications for Cannabis and Cannabinoids: A Review of the Recent Scientific Literature

January 14, 2011 Cannabis

  December 2010 – Source: NORML Despite the ongoing political debate regarding the legality of medicinal marijuana, clinical investigations of the therapeutic use of cannabinoids are now more prevalent than at any time in history. For example, in February 2010 investigators at the University of California Center for Medicinal Cannabis Research publicly announced the findings […]

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Four Decades of Cannabis Criminals in Canada: 1970-2010

January 14, 2011 Drug Policy Library

December 2010 – Amsterdam Law Forum   Canada was one of the first nations to criminalise cannabis when it was added to the schedule of prohibited “narcotics” in the Opium and Narcotic Drug Law amendment of 1923. Since cannabis use was hardly known in Canada then, or for decades afterwards, social historians of this period […]

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DRUG STRATEGY 2010: Reducing Demand, Restricting Supply, Building Recovery : Supporting People to Live a Drug Free Life

January 10, 2011 Drug Policy Library

December 2010 – Source: HM Government Foreword from the Home Secretary: This strategy sets out the Government’s approach to tackling drugs and addressing alcohol dependence, both of which are key causes of societal harm, including crime, family breakdown and poverty. Together, they cause misery and pain to individuals, destroy families and undermine communities. Such suffering […]

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Prisons and drugs in Uruguay

December 17, 2010 Drug Policy Library

Much like other Southern Cone countries, Uruguay has historically served as a transit country for controlled substances on their way to Europe. An important change in the use of controlled substances, associated with their availability on the drug market, has taken place over the last fifteen years in southern Latin America, especially in Argentina, Chile, […]

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Legislation on drugs and the prison situation in Peru

December 17, 2010 Drug Policy Library

Peru is a major world producer of coca leaf and its derivatives. Since the year 2000, successive Peruvian administrations have followed a drug policy focused on supply reduction through interdiction and eradication strategies. This essay examines aspects related to drug offenses in Peru and their impacts on the prison system, as well as the conduct […]

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Drug legislation and prison situation in Mexico

December 17, 2010 Drug Policy Library

Mexico is currently undergoing one of the worst crises in its history in terms of violence and insecurity. This crisis is directly related to the strengthening of organized crime in Mexico associated with drug trafficking, the divisions within the leading drug trafficking cartels, and their diversification. All this has resulted in a bloody struggle to […]

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Drug laws and prison in Latin America: Executive Summary

December 17, 2010 Drug Policy Library

Depriving a person of his or her liberty is one of the most formidable powers of any state. The way in which states exercise this power, striking a balance between the duty to guarantee public safety and the obligation to respect fundamental human rights, is of the utmost importance. The operation of the justice system […]

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A Short History of Ecuador’s Drug Legislation and the Impact on its Prison Population

December 17, 2010 Drug Policy Library

Ecuador was never a significant center of production or traffic of illicit drugs; nor has it ever experienced the social convulsions that can result from the existence of a dynamic domestic drug market. While Ecuador has become an important transit country for illicit drugs and precursor chemicals and for money laundering, the illicit drug trade […]

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Drug laws and prisons in Latin America: Conclusions and recommendations

December 17, 2010 Drug Policy Library

Depriving an individual of his liberty is among a state’s most formidable powers. The way this power to imprison is exercised – balancing the obligation to ensure public safety with respect for civil and human rights – is of enormous significance. Incarcerated individuals and their families are obviously affected directly. But the workings of the […]

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Drug policy and the prison situation in Colombia

December 17, 2010 Drug Policy Library

During the 20th century, drug policies in Colombia were increasingly repressive, largely ineffective, and heavily influenced by the international legal framework that was put in place. In effect, in just a few years Colombia went from having a scattered set of regulations, with an emphasis on prevention and medical-administrative treatment, to having legislation abundant in […]

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Drugs and Prisons: The repression of drugs and the increase of the Brazilian penitentiary population

December 17, 2010 Drug Policy Library

The relationship between the increase in drug law enforcement and the rising prison population from the 1990s to the present has been the subject of worldwide investigation. In the case of Brazil, the data confirms this hypothesis, as will be seen in the present text, which offers first an overview of drug laws, their legislative […]

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Drug policy and the prison situation in Bolivia

December 17, 2010 Drug Policy Library

Bolivia’s participation in the international drug-trafficking circuit was determined by a series of factors, ranging from the ancestral tradition of growing and consuming coca leaf, to the endemic poverty of the population (per capita GDP is less than US$ 1,000) and the structural weakness of state institutions. Economic activity around the coca leaf, both legal […]

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Extended Summary

December 14, 2010 BF drug policy publications - Intro

Cannabis Policy: Moving Beyond Stalemate Extended Summary Prepared for UNGASS Vienna-March-2009 To download click here “That which is prohibited cannot easily be regulated” Cannabis came under the control of the international narcotics treaties as an afterthought, in an era when use of the drug was confined to relatively small groups in a scattering of cultures. […]

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Drug harms in the UK: a multicriteria decision analysis

November 19, 2010 Drug Policy Library

Background Proper assessment of the harms caused by the misuse of drugs can inform policy makers in health, policing, and social care. We aimed to apply multicriteria decision analysis (MCDA) modelling to a range of drug harms in the UK. Methods Members of the Independent Scientific Committee on Drugs, including two invited specialists, met in […]

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From Coercion to Cohesion

November 10, 2010 Drug Policy Library

Treating Drug Dependence Through Healthcare, Not Punishment Discussion paper based on a scientific workshop UNODC, Vienna October 28-30, 2009- Draft published 2 March 2010 The aim of this draft discussion paper, “From coercion to cohesion: Treating drug dependence through healthcare, not punishment”, is to promote a health-oriented approach to drug dependence. The International Drug Control Conventions […]

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Breaking the Taboo: Latin American Leaders Release Report Calling for Global Paradigm Shift in Drug Policy

November 4, 2010 Drug Policy Library

Latin American leaders and change-makers issued a clear call for a dramatic shift in global drug policy on February 11, when the Latin American Commission on Drugs and Democracy released a groundbreaking report, “Drugs and Democracy: Toward a Paradigm Shift,” at a press conference in Rio De Janeiro, Brazil. Founded by former Presidents Fernando Henrique […]

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Failure of Cannabis Prohibition in the US

October 7, 2010 California's Proposition 19

A recent research report recently released by The International Centre for Science in Drug Policy (ICSDP), reviews 20 years of data from US government funded surveillance systems on government drug control spending, cannabis seizures and cannabis arrests, in order to assess the impact of enforced cannabis prohibition on cannabis potency, price and availability. The report’s […]

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Economics

September 22, 2010 Drug Policy Library

The avoidable costs of alcohol abuse in Australia and the potential benefits of effective policies to reduce the social costs of alcohol October 2008 This monograph estimates the proportion of Australian social costs of alcohol abuse which are potentially avoidable as a result of implementing appropriate public policy interventions, and the values of the potential […]

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Prevalence

September 22, 2010 Drug Policy Library

A Selection of articles on the Prevalence of Drugs in the World Drug-Related Deaths in the UK-Annual Report 2008 November 2008 Increase in the number of Drug-Related Deaths. 3-page PDF [International Centre for Drug Policy, St George’s, University of London, UK] National Prison Entrants’ Bloodborne Virus & Risk Behaviour Survey Report 2004 & 2007 November […]

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Production and Supply

September 22, 2010 Drug Policy Library

Literature dealing with the prevalence of drug use and associated harms, including crime and disease. Includes literature with both domestic and international focus. Monitoring the supply of cocaine to Europe October 2008 This datasheet provides a short review of key issues relating to how cocaine is manufactured in Latin America and transported to European consumers […]

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