Peru is a major world producer of coca leaf and its derivatives. Since the year 2000, successive Peruvian administrations have followed a drug policy focused on supply
reduction through interdiction and eradication strategies.
This essay examines aspects related to drug offenses in Peru and their impacts on the prison system, as well as the conduct of the agencies in charge of law enforcement and prosecution. The study covers the period of democratic transition, 2000-2008, during which the country implemented drug control policies based on international norms. Drug-related offenses have become the third leading cause of imprisonment in Peru — after the two crimes against property (larceny and robbery) — constituting one of the drivers of overcrowding in the prisons. The expansion of illegal commercial activity related to drugs has considerably worsened the situation of the Peruvian criminal justice system.
Copyright: TNI and WOLA
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